How to make authentic mexican enchiladas?

November 27, 2023

Enchiladas, a beloved staple of Mexican cuisine, are tortillas rolled around a filling, typically meat, and smothered in a rich, flavorful sauce. They’re a delight to the palate, with their complex flavors and hearty fillings, and they’re surprisingly easy to make at home. In this guide, we will walk you through the process of preparing authentic Mexican enchiladas, using readily available ingredients and straightforward cooking methods. So, roll up your sleeves and get ready to immerse yourself in the art of Mexican cooking.

Choosing your Filling

The filling is the heart of any enchilada, and it should be flavorful and well-seasoned. In Mexico, the most common fillings are shredded chicken, beef, and cheese, although other options, like vegetables, are also used. For a traditional touch, opt for shredded chicken or beef.

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To prepare your meat filling, first season your chicken or beef with a blend of spices, such as cumin, chili powder, garlic, and onion powder. Next, add some oil to a pan and heat it over medium heat. Once the oil is hot, add your seasoned meat and cook until it’s browned and cooked through. This should take about 10 to 15 minutes.

If you prefer a vegetarian option, you can substitute the meat with a mix of sautéed vegetables like bell peppers, onions, and zucchini. Regardless of your filling choice, remember to add a generous amount of grated cheese, as this gives your enchiladas a creamy, gooey texture that’s hard to resist.

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Making the Enchilada Sauce

The sauce is what sets enchiladas apart from other rolled tortillas dishes. It’s typically red or green, depending on the type of chiles used. For this guide, we’ll focus on the red enchilada sauce, which is made from dried red chiles. However, you can also use canned enchilada sauce if you’re short on time.

To make the sauce, start by toasting your dried chiles on a hot pan for a few minutes until they become fragrant. Next, remove the stems and seeds, then soak them in hot water for about 15 minutes to soften. After that, blend your softened chiles with garlic, salt, and a bit of the soaking water until you have a smooth and thick sauce. Finally, heat some oil in a pan, add the sauce, and simmer for about 10 minutes to enhance the flavors.

Preparing the Tortillas

Tortillas are the shell of your enchiladas, and they need to be soft and pliable to roll without breaking. To achieve this, you’ll need to heat them in a bit of oil. Add some oil to a skillet, heat it over medium heat, then add a tortilla and cook for about 10 seconds on each side. This will make your tortillas soft and easy to roll. Remember to drain your tortillas on a paper towel after frying to remove any excess oil.

Assembling and Baking the Enchiladas

Now comes the fun part: assembling your enchiladas. Start by spreading a spoonful of your enchilada sauce onto the center of a tortilla. Next, add a generous amount of your filling, then roll the tortilla tightly around the filling. Repeat this process with the rest of your tortillas and arrange them seam-side down in a baking dish.

Once all your enchiladas are neatly arranged, pour the remaining enchilada sauce over them, making sure every inch of the tortillas is covered with sauce. Sprinkle a generous amount of shredded cheese on top, then bake in a preheated oven at 375°F (190°C) for about 20 minutes, or until the cheese is melted and bubbly.

Serving your Enchiladas

Serving enchiladas is just as important as making them. In Mexico, enchiladas are typically served with a side of refried beans and rice. They are also often garnished with additional toppings like sour cream, chopped onions, and fresh cilantro.

To serve, scoop out an enchilada (or two) onto a plate, along with a spoonful of beans and rice. Drizzle some sour cream on top, and sprinkle with chopped onions and cilantro. There you have it, a plate of piping hot, authentic Mexican enchiladas ready to be devoured.

Remember, practice makes perfect. Don’t be disheartened if your first few attempts don’t turn out as expected. With a bit of patience and practice, you’ll soon be able to whip up a batch of these mouthwatering enchiladas to impress your family and friends. Happy cooking!

Customizing Your Enchiladas

While the previous sections have instructed you on how to make traditional, authentic Mexican enchiladas, one of the best aspects of this dish is its versatility. There are countless ways to customize enchiladas to cater to different dietary preferences or just to experiment with unique flavor combinations.

For instance, if you’re a seafood lover, try replacing the chicken or beef with shrimp or crab meat. Sprinkle some queso fresco on top for a mild, creamy finish. Alternatively, if you’re a vegetarian, consider a filling of black beans, corn, and bell peppers, and top with a vegan cheese alternative. You could also experiment with different types of tortillas. While corn tortillas are traditional in Mexican cuisine, flour tortillas can be used for a softer, more pliable alternative.

Also, don’t be afraid to experiment with the enchilada sauce. While this guide focuses on red enchilada sauce, you can also make a green sauce using tomatillos and jalapenos, or a white sauce using sour cream and chicken broth. Each sauce offers a distinct flavor profile, transforming your enchiladas into a new dish every time.


Making authentic Mexican enchiladas at home may seem daunting at first, but with a bit of effort and creativity, it’s quite manageable and fun. Remember, the key to a great enchilada lies in the choice of filling, the preparation of the enchilada sauce, and the softening of the tortillas. But don’t forget the garnishing and side dishes too, as they complete the meal.

Whether you prefer traditional chicken enchiladas, hearty beef enchiladas, or are intrigued by the prospect of shrimp or vegetable enchiladas, there’s an enchilada recipe out there waiting for you. So, don’t hesitate to roll up your sleeves, heat up that baking dish, and immerse yourself in the art of Mexican cooking.

Above all, enjoy the process and your homemade enchiladas rojas. Enchiladas, like all food, are meant to be savored, shared, and enjoyed. So, gather your family and friends, and celebrate the rich, complex flavors of authentic Mexican cuisine right in your home. Happy cooking!